• Sat. Jun 15th, 2024

Generators Of Monsters


Nov 17, 2022

Many people are ignorant of the subject of poverty especially the types of poverty such as mental, moral, and material poverty. People are more familiar with material poverty, which is less catastrophic and disastrous than mental and moral poverty and the odious, obnoxious and punitive effects of poverty of wealth or resources. The indisputable fact is that citizens, nations, regions and the entire world suffer from material poverty as a result of moral and mental poverty. There is no denying the fact that the thriving and blooming of moral poverty and mental poverty generates other social problems for humanity. One pernicious and painful effect is the generation and creation of monsters, machiavellians, manipulators, mediocrities and malevolent actors as leaders, governors, legislators, employers, preacher, professionals, citizens, traders and so on.

Before we profoundly delve into the cynosure of this composition, it is imperative to provide wee background information as well as workable and germane definitions of some terms relevant to our comprehension of the issue under examination. For academic reasons, it is absolutely fitting to give a good definition of poverty. According to Gillin and Gillin in Sociology by C.N.S. Rao (2012, P.581) “Poverty is that condition in which a person either because of inadequate income or unwise expenditures does not maintain a scale of living high enough to provide for the physical and mental efficiency and to enable him and his natural dependants to function usefully according to the standard of society of which he is a member.” According to the British Encyclopedia, “Poverty is the state of one who lacks a usual or socially acceptable amount of money or material possessions”. The definitions above are insular or parochial as they focus unilaterally on material poverty, which is not our basic problem. A better and relatively all-inclusive definition is given by the United Nations: this defines poverty as “entailing more than the lack of income and productive resources to ensure sustainable livelihoods; its manifestations include hunger and malnutrition, limited access to education and other basic services, social discrimination and exclusion as well as the lack of participation in decision (making)”.

Poverty is not basically material poverty; it also includes mental or intellectual poverty, moral or ethical poverty, and so on. There are inferences we can draw or deduce from the resources of the world and those who are beneficiaries. Firstly, we need to look at the world from the stand point of development. Countries of the world are classified as More Economically Developed Countries (MEDCs), and these countries have 20% of the world’s population and own and enjoy 80% of the world’s wealth/resources, what they basically get from Africa, South America and the Middle East. We also have other countries called Less Economically Developed Countries (LEDCs), the poorer countries of the southern hemisphere, basically South America, Africa and Asia. These countries have 80% of the world’s population, own over 80% of the world’s resources or wealth but paradoxically and ironically enjoy only 20% of the world’s wealth or resources. The LEDCs have over 80% of the world’s wealth, but remain grossly under-developed or undeveloped, while others with less than 30% of the world’s resources are developed and enjoy over 80% of the world’s wealth. This is a sorry and shameful state for the LEDCs, Africa inclusive. The foundations of this are mental and moral poverty.

According to Palmer and Perkins (2002, P, 504) “Africa does have great sources of hydroelectric power, mostly untapped as yet and it is the chief source of many vital materials. It supplies 98% of the world’s industrial diamonds, 80% of the cobalt, 75% of the sisal, 70% of the palm oil, over 50% of the gold, 25% of the manganese, and 20% of the copper and tin. Furthermore, it has substantial amounts of uranium, especially in the Congo and in South Africa, but Africa or most of it is referred to as the underdeveloped world, and most of the people are poor. Without the raw materials of Africa, the Western world would be in a vulnerable position indeed”. This is indeed a pitiable situation for Nigeria, particularly and for Africa in general. To encapsulate the ignoble and opprobrious situation of Africa, John Gunther noted, “Africa is not only vital for what it already has, but is incomparably the greatest potential source of wealth awaiting development in the world.” This means Africa holds the key to grand global development due to its copious natural resources. Unfortunately, Africa, despite its plenitudinous and profitable resources, Africa remains backward, undeveloped, uneducated and overly poor. A continent with a population of about 1.3 billion as of 2008, Africa’s development is hampered by gross and crass moral and mental poverty.

Nigeria is a lucidly ludicrous picture and case study of Africa. A country with a population of 206.1 million people according to 2020 World Bank report, mortality rate of 34.25 deaths per 100 population, life expectancy of 55.44 years (2020), infant mortality of 56.220 deaths per 1000 live births, literacy rate of 62.02%; purchasing power parity of 5250.00 USD in 2022 and over 95.1 million people is plagued by extreme poverty as of 2022 World Bank Report; Nigeria is grappling and punished by poverty alarmingly and needlessly. This means that we have about half of the population of the country crushed and caged by extreme poverty. According to the World Bank prediction, more Nigerians will fall into extreme poverty, and this poverty has diverse social, economic, political and personal causes.

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